Corruption

 

Corruption is the abuse attitude of miss use power for private gain and often to acquire personal benefit. Corruption is foam of dishonesty or unethical conduct by a person or as team entrusted with a position of authority. It is being in every country on daily basis and it may include different activities as bribery and embezzlement or or inappropriate gifts, double dealing, Irresponsibly, under-the-table transactions, defrauding investors, diverting funds, laundering money and manipulating elections. In government sectors the politician and the public servant not only involve in corruption, but also in private sector the CEO AND CFO of a company, the notary public, the administrator or admission officer to a government and private hospital an school, In public places or the team leader at a workplace. It is a complex political, economic and social phenomenon that effects all countries life riddle with situations in the gray zone between legal and illegal. Corruption attacks the basic foundation of democratic institutions or government departments by distorting their capability, perverting the rule of law and reputational damage and restore trust. Major corruption comes close whenever major events involving large sums of money, inefficiency when assets are use inappropriately, multiple ‘players or huge quantities of products and often in disaster situations are at stake.

REASONS OF THE CORRUPTION

 Causes:
1: Political Causes
a. Corruption in Political System
b. Corruption in Political Leaders
c. Due to Corruption bad governance
d. Hinders in the way of accountability and regulation
2: Social Causes
a. Lack of Understanding about Corruption, it's forms and types
b. Illiteracy
c. Urbanization

d. Culture

 

3: Economic causes
a. Poverty

b. Low Salaries

c. Unemployment
d. Inconsistence economic growth and uncontrollable inflation

 

Under-the-table transactions...

Major Corruption Sectors

1: Judiciary

2:  Education

3: Health care

4: Police and law enforcement

5: Public utilities

6: Sports

7: Taxation

8:  Media

9: Government division and departments

10: Public and Private Corporation and Industries

11: Banks

12: NGOs

 

Scales of corruption

Petty corruption

Grand corruption

Systematic corruption

Corruption can be occur on different scales.

The corruption that occurs as very small level of favors between a small numbers of people is called petty corruption for example is that the implementation end of public services when public officials meet the public place such as registration offices, police stations and many other private and government sectors so it occurs at a smaller scale for corruption.

 If corruption that affects the government on a large scale is called grand corruption for example is that corruption occurring at the highest levels of government’s divisions and department in a way that requires significant subversion of the political and judicial legal and economic systems.

 is defined as Such corruption is commonly found in countries with authoritarian or dictatorial governments but also in those without adequate policing of corruption.

if that is so prevalent and it is the part of society structure on everyday in frame, is called systematic corruption for example is that the corruption which is primarily due as Specific acts of corruption include bribery, extortion, and embezzlement to the weaknesses of an organization, in society and process. It can be contrasted with individual officials or agents who act corruptly within the system.

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